Welcome to Ningxia
Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was founded in 1958, covering an area of 66400 square kilometers. At the end of 2019, the permanent population of the region was 6.9466 million, of which 36.69% was Muslim. It is the largest Hui inhabited area in China, governing 5 prefecture level cities, 22 counties and cities (districts).
Natural conditions: the altitude of Ningxia is over 1000m, the terrain is high in the South and low in the north, with a drop of nearly 1000m, which shows a step-by-step decline. It belongs to a typical continental climate, which is a temperate semi-arid and semi humid region. It has the characteristics of windy sand in spring, less intense heat in summer, earlier cool in autumn, longer cold in winter, less snow and rain, sufficient sunshine and strong evaporation. The annual average precipitation is about 300 mm.
The geographical division is divided into three parts: the first is the irrigation area of the northern Yellow River diversion. The terrain is flat and the soil is fertile. It is known as "the south of the Yangtze River". Second, the central arid zone. There is less rain, more wind and sand, poor land and poor living conditions. The third is the southern mountainous area. Hilly and gully forest, part of the region wet and cold, is one of the national poverty-stricken areas.
Ningxia is one of the birthplaces of ancient Chinese civilization. Shuidonggou site in Lingwu City shows that as early as the Paleolithic age, 30000 years ago, human beings lived and multiplied here. In the third century BC, after the unification of the six kingdoms, the first emperor of Qin set up beidijun here, sent troops to cultivate land, built water conservancy, and created the history of irrigation in the Yellow River.